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Al-Walaa wal-Baraa (Loyalty and Disownment) for the Aqidah in all the Classical Books of Aqidah

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Al-Walaa wal-Baraa (Loyalty and Disownment) for the Aqidah in all the Classical Books of Aqidah

Post by Ithar Ghada Faied on Sun May 30, 2010 6:49 pm



It is important for the Muslim to realize when learning the aqidah that it is not purely an academic exercise. Rather, the creed is something around which and upon which allegiance and disavowal is based. When we look into all the classical books of aqidah, we see the constant mention of loving and hating on the basis of the aqidah embodied in the prohibition of associating, mixing and accompanying the innovators who have opposed the creed of the Book, the Sunnah, and what the Righteous Salaf were upon in the first three centuries of Islam.

Imaam Ahmad said in "Usool us-Sunnah":

أصول السنة عندنا التمسك بما كان عليه أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم والاقتداء بهم، وترك البدع، وكل بدعة فهي ضلالة وترك الخصومات، وترك الجلوس مع أصحاب الأهواء

The Fundamental Principles of the Sunnah with us are: Holding fast to what the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (sallalaahu alayhi wasallam) were upon. Taking them [and their way] as a model to be followed. The abandonment of innovations, and every innovation is misguidance. The abandonment of controversies. The abandonment of sitting with the people of ahwaa (desires).

And at-Tahaawi said at the end of his Aqidah:

فهذا ديننا واعتقادنا ظاهرا وباطنا ونحن براء الى الله تعالى من كل من خالف الذي ذكرناه وبيناه ونسأل الله تعالى ان يثبتنا على الايمان ويختم لنا به ويعصمنا من الاهواء المختلفة والاراء المتفرقة والمذاهب الردية مثل المشبهة والمعتزلة والجهمية والجبرية والقدرية وغيرهم من الذين خالفوا السنة والجماعة وحالفوا الضلالة ونحن منهم براء وهم عندنا ضلال واردياء وبالله العصمة والتوفيق

This is our religion and our creed outwardly and inwardly, and we are absolved, in front of Allah, the Exalted, of every one who opposes that which we have mentioned and explained. And we ask Allah, the Exalted to make us firm upon Eemaan, to seal [the end] of our lives with it, to protect us from the variant desires and scattering opinions, and corrupt doctrines such as those of the Mushabbihah, the Mu'tazilah, the Jahmiyyah, the Jabariyyah, the Qadariyyah and others besides them, from those who have opposed the Sunnah and Jamaa'ah and have allied with misguidance. We are free of them, and they, in our view, are astray, ruined. And with Allah [alone] is safety (protection) and success.

And Imaam al-Laalikaa'ee brings, from the creed of the two Raazees, Abu Zur'ah (d. 264H) and Abu Haatim (d. 277H), in "Sharh Usool il-I'tiqaad" (1/202,no.322)

Abu Muhammad said:

And I heard my father and Abu Zur'ah ordering with the boycotting of the people of deviation and innovations, being very harsh in that with the most severe harshness. And they refused the compilation of books with opinions, with other than narrations.

And they forbade from sitting with the ahl ul-kalaam (people of theological rhetoric) and looking into the books of the mutakallimoon (theologians) and they would both say: "The person of theological rhetoric will never prosper."

Abu Muhammad said: "And I say that too." And Abu Alee bin Habeesh al-Muqirree said: "And I say that." And our Shaikh (Ibn al-Mudhaffar) said: "And I say that." And our Shaikh - meaning the author - said: "And I say that."

And Abu Uthmaan as-Saaboonee (d. 449H) - may Allaah have mercy upon him - said in "Aqidah as-Salaf wa As.haabil-Hadeeth" (p. 123):

واتفقوا مع ذلك على القول بقهر أهل البدع، وإذلالهم وإخزائهم وابعادهم واقصائهم، والتباعد منهم ومن مصاحبتهم ومعاشرتهم، والتقرب إلى الله عز وجل بمجانبتهم ومهاجرتهم

And along with that they [the Salaf who have passed before him] unanimously agreed with their saying about the Ahl ul-Bid'ah (the innovators), that they should be subdued, humiliated and disgraced, banished and driven away. That [one must] keep away from them, from those who associate with them and from those who are intimate with them. And to seek nearness to Allah by avoiding them and fleeing from them.

And he also said (pp. 114-115):

ويبغضون أهل البدع الذين أحدثوا في الدين ما ليس منه، ولا يحبونهم ولا يصحبونهم، ولا يسمعون كلامهم، ولا يجالسونهم ولا يجادلونهم في الدين، ولا يناظرونهم ويرون صون آذانهم عن سماع أباطيلهم التي إذا مرت بالآذان وقرت في القلوب ضرت، وجرت إليها الوساوس والخطرات الفاسدة. وفيه أنزل الله عز وجل قوله: "وإذا رأيت الذين يخوضون في آياتنا فأعرض عنهم حتى يخوضوا في حديث غيره"

And they [Ahl us-Sunnah] hate the people of innovation who have introduced into the religion that which is not from it. They do not love them, nor do they accompany them, nor do they listen to their speech, nor do they sit with them, nor argue with them regarding the religion, and nor do they debate them. And they see that their ears should be guarded from listening to their falsehoods, those which if they pass by the ears and enter into the hearts, will harm (the hearts) and lead them to corrupt whisperings and thoughts. And it is regarding [all of this] that Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, revealed His saying, "And when you see those who engage in false conversation about our signs, stay away from them till they turn to another topic." (al-An'aam 6:68)

And all of this is only a tiny sample of the sum whole of what has been reported from the Salaf on this subject. You will find that the overwhelming majority of the books of aqidah never fail to mention this subject. In this article we have only quoted from those who compiled the creed and summarized the positions of Ahl us-Sunnah - as for the hundreds of specific narrations from the Salaf in this regard, then inshaa'Allah they will be covered in specific articles.

In summary: A Muslim loves and hate on the basis of his aqidah, and it is not merely an academic exercise. It is not like the irjaa' of the Murji'ah where the only thing that enters the heart is pure information and pure factual knowledge with no resulting love and hate, allegiance and disavowal in the heart, and no outward resultant effect manifested in behavior. Worse still is when a man spends years and years studying the aqidah of the Salaf, grasping it, explaining it and writing books on it, only to then sit, with open arms, with the deniers of Allah's Uluww, the callers to grave-worship and istighaathah (seeking rescue from other than Allah), proclaiming:

I am proud to call all of them my brothers in faith; I am always honored to be in their company; I am eager to further my relationship with them; I sense a genuine spirit of Islamic brotherhood whilst amongst them; I wish the best for them and their da'wah; I am desirous to benefit from their wisdom and knowledge.

And the da'wah of the innovators he is referring to being the da'wah to ta'teel and hulool and worshiping others besides Allah - which is what their organizations and institutes preach and teach. All of this is evidence that knowledge of aqidah is a proof against an individual and that it may not have benefited him except as a mere academic exercise.

Compare this to the Ijmaa' of the Salaf, meaning the hundreds of Imaams of Guidance from the first few centuries of Islam, as mentioned by as-Saaboonee, just quoted previously:

And they [Ahl us-Sunnah] hate the people of innovation who have introduced into the religion that which is not from it. They do not love them, nor do they accompany them, nor do they listen to their speech, nor do they sit with them, nor argue with them regarding the religion, and nor do they debate them. And they see that their ears should be guarded from listening to their falsehoods, those which if they pass by the ears and enter into the hearts, will harm (the hearts) and lead them to corrupt whisperings and thoughts. And it is regarding [all of this] that Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, revealed His saying, "And when you see those who engage in false conversation about our signs, stay away from them till they turn to another topic." (al-An'aam 6:68)

And this topic will be expanded upon specifically in other articles inshaa'Allah, upon the usool of Ahl us-Sunnah regarding innovation and its people - for in these usool there is the protection and safeguarding of the aqidah after it has entered into the hearts - so whoever is eager upon his aqidah and wishes to meet his Lord upon what the Companions were upon, then let him not be neglectful in this regard, rather he should understand the usool of Ahl us-Sunnah regarding the mu'aamalah with the people of innovation, with respect to those who call to it, and those who do not call to it, with respect to the leaders of innovation and those who are followers - for all these affairs have clear guidelines which are made clear in the writings of Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah.
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